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Unsustainable Agriculture: Why Is It The Biggest Threat to Rainforests?

When we think of threats to rainforests, most of us would probably think of wildfires or illegal logging. But did you know that one of the biggest threats to our rainforests all over the world today is unsustainable agriculture?

Pretty shocking, right?

Farmers are stripping the rainforests to clear a path for crops. The irony is, even though rainforests are home to over a portion of the world’s species. The rainforest is the most biodiverse environment on earth. But, they are not exactly a favorable place to grow crops.

Rainforest soils are not so fertile. Biomass sustains the topsoil layer in rainforests. Biomass is the total mass of all life forms in an area. It is high in rainforests and is the lone reason rainforests even have topsoils. When a certain life form dies, it decomposes quickly and allows other life forms to thrive.

Oxisols are the soil you will find in rainforests. Oxisols have a thin, natural layer. They are drained in minerals. Somewhat due to the disintegration pace of natural material. In addition to that, it is due to the measure of precipitation that filters most minerals out of the framework. These specks of dirt are a shade of red, because of the significant levels of iron.

So, when biomass is taken out from an oxisol, there isn’t anything left to shape the topsoil layer. This makes the growth development hard for the new plants that generally endure just for a couple of years.

Unstable environments due to unsustainable agriculture

Contingent upon a flawless and solid framework to keep on enduring.

When an area is good for agriculture, for the most part, enormous single cash crops are grown. This includes rice, citrus organic products, oil palms, coffee, coca, opium, tea, soybeans, cacao, elastic, and bananas. Most of these crops can adapt better to such conditions. Plus, they last longer on cleared rainforest areas. Nonetheless, there are a few issues with this kind of monoculture (single harvest manors) in the forests. Other than the deficiency of woodland. To begin with, such planting of a single crop yield makes the harvest exceptionally defenseless against illness and irritations. In a typical rainforest setting, widespread infestations are uncommon because people of a given animal variety are generally scattered. Second, the planting of monocultures can be monetarily unsafe with the value variances so regular in global products markets. Moreover,

What are some examples of unsustainable agriculture that remains a problem until today?

Palm Oil

Specific kinds of palm trees produce enormous red fruit which is rich in oil. After the refining process, this oil, known as palm oil, can be utilized to deliver a wide range of items. Incorporating oils utilized in nourishments like chocolates and treats, beautifying agents like cosmetics. Even biodiesel, a fuel that can be utilized in vehicles rather than diesel!

Oil palms, as these trees are called, have high oil yields – probably the most noteworthy of any harvest utilized for biofuel creation.

The most affected ecosystems by the development of oil palm are rainforests and peatlands. Peatlands are territories where the dirt is made of peat. Peat works like a sponge, absorbing water and forestalling floods. It likewise stores a lot of carbon.

 

When peatlands are depleted, the putaway carbon responds with air to deliver carbon dioxide into the environment, expanding convergences of the ozone harming substance. The dry peat at that point turns out to be profoundly combustible, expanding the danger of enormous scope fires when ranch designers use fire to clear land and consume agrarian waste.

Amazon Soy

The production of soy in the Amazon became large in the mid-1990s. Following the improvement of another assortment of soybean that is adaptable to the dirt and atmosphere of the area. Most developments happened in the cerrado. A lush field biological system, and the progress timberlands in the southern edges in the Amazon bowl, particularly in conditions of Mato Grosso and Pará — direct change of rainforests for soy has been generally restricted. Soy development has driven up land costs. Made exactly for foundation enhancements that advance backwoods clearing. And dislodged cows farmers to wilderness regions, prodding deforestation.

What can we do these unsustainable agriculture practices?

There’s no denying that agriculture is an important part of our lives today. But unsustainable agriculture practices can negatively impact our rainforests today. Adopting a sustainable approach is important. The government, companies, and consumers must go hand in hand in making better choices. This is in terms of what we consume to make our agriculture practices more favorable. After all, we all have a role to play to make our rainforests and the rest of the world a better place to live in.

10 Rainforest Animals You Should Know About

The rainforests are home to over half of all creature species on the planet. So it’s very captivating to find out about the animals that live in the rainforests around the planet. The ecosystems surrounding every large rainforest in the world are so important. They are the most species-rich locales on Earth. Covering just around 8 percent of the Earth’s surface, tropical rainforests contain over a portion of the planet’s animals and plant species. Due to the vast biodiversity of each rainforest, they are home to probably the most charming animals on the planet. From snakes to dolphins to marmosets. Find out about the significant animals of every rainforest in the world.

Here are 10 rainforest animals you should know about.

1.       Black Howler Monkey

At whatever point you visit a rainforest in South America, you’re probably going to hear the Black Howler Monkey. Their calls can be heard similar to 5 kilometers within the large forest, and they have quite possibly the most distinct hints of the South American rainforests.

2.       Okapi

Looking somewhat like a hybrid of a zebra and a pronghorn, the okapi has even been sometimes mistaken for a unicorn. Yet, the surprising-looking okapi is really part of the giraffe family. These delightful, tricky animals live in many rainforests of Central Africa. Most of the time, they spend their energy munching leaves, buds, grasses, greeneries. Also fruits in the large forest with their astoundingly long, dexterous, and tacky tongues. Their tongues are capable to such an extent that they can utilize them to completely wash their eyelids. Plus their enormous ears all around.

3.       Amazon River Dolphin

The Amazon River dolphin, or boto, is one of just five living types of waterway dolphins on the planet, and it is the world’s biggest. This dolphin lives in the cloudy waters of the Amazon and Orinoco bowls of South America and is habitually discovered swimming among the trees in the overflowed backwoods. The animal is additionally regularly alluded to as the “pink dolphin,” because of the sporadic pink shade of its skin.

4.       Glass Frog

These striking transparent frogs live all through the rainforests of Central and South America. Moreover, they have skin so clear that you can see the plants of every rainforest around them through their body. This bizarre element shields the glass frog from hunters, who regularly don’t see these arboreal frogs in the timberland. It is believed that there are 100 species of this astonishing family of amphibians that exists today.

5.       Cassowary Rainforest Animals

Found in the rainforests of New Guinea and Northeastern Australia. These bright flightless feathered creatures appear as though flashy ostriches wearing razor-like head protectors. They are three types of cassowaries, with the Southern cassowary holding the title for the biggest. At four to five and a half feet tall. In contrast to numerous other winged animal species, it’s the female cassowary. Instead of the male, that is ordinarily more splendidly hued.

6.       Marmoset

These small monkeys from the rainforests of South America may be the cutest primates ever. Regular marmosets are versatile. And have had the option to flourish in territories outside of their typical reach. Due to some extent to their transformation of paws rather than nails, marmosets can live in an assortment of timberland types. In any event, 21 types of marmosets are known to exist, each with flighty varieties of fluffy coats. Considerably more charming, they quite often bring forth twins.

7.       Colugo (Sunda Flying Lemur)

The Colugo is otherwise called flying lemurs. However, they are not actually lemurs, simply a nearby family member. The Cologu is a tree-staying creature that can glide to the extent of 70 meters (230 ft) starting with one tree then onto the next.

They inhabit Southeast Asia.

8.       Sun Bear

The sun bear, the littlest type of bear on the planet, occupies the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia. It is one of just two types of bear on the planet that has adjusted to life in the forest wilderness (the other is South America’s spectacled bear). Itis the lone bear that lives only in the trees. The sun bear gets its name from the unmistakable U-formed orange stamping on its chest.

9.       Anaconda are common rainforest animals

Found in the rainforests and floodplains of South America, the anaconda is the biggest snake species on the planet. However, such assaults are very uncommon. In addition to that, it’s a semi-amphibian way of life that is important for what permits the boa constrictor to develop to a particularly monstrous size. And, the snake is a magnificent swimmer.

10.   Mata Mata rainforest animals

The mata mata may be the most surprising-looking type of turtle on the planet. They are one of the most fascinating animals you can find in a rainforest. Found in the rainforests of the Amazon and Orinoco bowls. This huge, inactive reptile has a three-sided, straightened head and shell. On top of that, folds of skin likewise appear to hang from its neck and head, practically like sodden leaves. Offering the turtle disguise from hunters and prey in its living space.

Here are Some of the Animals that Can Be Found in the Amazon

One interesting you need to know about the Amazon Rainforest is that it is home to 427 species of mammals, 1,300 species of birds, 378 species of reptiles, and 400 species of amphibians. Jaguars, sloths, river dolphins, macaws, anacondas, glass frogs, and poison dart frogs, and a lot more are just some of the animals that inhabit the Amazon Rainforest. One in ten known animals in the world lives in the Amazon Rainforest, as does one in five known species of birds.

The Amazon Rainforest is pretty much the largest in the world that it covers a vast expanse of territories. It occupies 40 percent of the continent of South America and can be found in the following countries: Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.

Below is a list of the animals you can find in the Amazon Rainforest.

Anaconda

The largest, strongest, and most powerful snake in the world may be the most famous as well. Ask anyone, and they will most likely be able to name it. As long as 30 feet, the Anaconda will expand and weigh up to 550 pounds! Throughout their lifespan, they are continuously rising, consuming about 40 pounds of prey as small meals every day. For a few weeks, larger meals which they swallow whole will please them. A female anaconda is normally smaller and gives birth to live with you.

Black Caiman

In northern South America, you will find the black caiman. They inhabit Peru and Ecuador eastward to Guyana and Suriname across most of the Amazon River basin. Black caimans, feeding on fish and other reptiles as well as rodents such as the capybara, have a diverse diet (which can grow as large as 4 feet [1.25 meters] long). Mostly, adult male black caimans grow longer than 13 feet (about 4 meters); bigger caimans grow longer than 13 feet (about 4 meters).

Harpy Eagle Animals

In addition to the Amazonian jungles, these beautiful animals exist throughout most of Central America. They face major threats from human activities, especially those related to habitat destruction, despite being expert hunters and apex predators, as large swaths of the Amazon Rainforest are cleared for land growth. Female Harpy Eagles can be sexually dimorphic and weigh up to 20 pounds, twice as large as the males.

Spider Monkeys

Spider monkeys live in Central and South America’s tropical rain forests and are present as far north as Mexico. They have long, lanky arms and prehensile (gripping) tails that allow them to gracefully move from branch to branch and tree to tree. Most of their time these nimble monkeys spend aloft and keep a firm hold on branches even though they have no thumbs.

Glass Frog

As its name suggests, while it is mainly lime green, the skin of the glass frog is transparent. If you care to look, you can literally see the lungs, breast, liver, and numerous other organs, as if you were given X-Ray vision! Glass frog tadpoles readily flow from the trees and, upon hatching, plunge straight into the water.

Red-Bellied Piranha

On their undersides, pot-bellied piranhas from the chin and cheeks to the abdomen are red. The head and body are distinct shades of gray; light silver scales are flecked on their arms. The sharply rounded and snub-nosed profile of the piranha serves a role.

There are strong muscles under the high forehead that connect to a short, stout lower jaw equipped with triangular, razor-sharp teeth, which neatly interlock with a matching collection above. With exceptional strength and shearing ability, this feature allows piranhas to bite down.

Eyelash Viper

The eyelash viper is also well-known for its violence and lightning rapid attacks, known for its stunning ‘eyelashes’.

An injection of hemotoxic venom, capable of killing adult human beings and large mammals, includes an eyelash pit viper bite. Their bright colors cause the trees, berries, and fruits to camouflage them.

Bullet Ant

The bullet ant (Paraponera clavata) is a rainforest tropical ant named for its powerfully painful sting, which is said to be similar to a bullet shot. It is called the “24-hour ant” in Venezuela because the pain of a sting will last for a full day.

Green Iguana

The green iguana is a favorite species of many people all over the globe. Often, the Green Iguana is commonly referred to as the Common Iguana or Iguana. These lizards tend to consume greens, berries, forbs, and flowers instead of insects and the flesh of other species, unlike those of their reptilian counterparts. The Green Iguanas, a large lizard, can grow from head to tail to almost 6 feet in length.

Golden Lion Tamarin

This unusual-looking animal is a monkey that, due to its amazing mane, derives its name from the great cats. It consists of an abundance of thick rings of exquisite golden hair around its noble and charismatic black face. The Golden Lion Tamarin is 6 to 10 inches long, while its tail can be 12 to 15 inches longer!

Rainforest Plant and Animals Species That Can Save Human Lives

Many of our rainforests today have been destroyed by a lot of factors. The rich layer of green biodiversity of the Earth is slowly getting lost in time. Unfortunately, the destruction of the many green-layer areas of rainforests on the Earth comes with the fact that native rainforest plant and animals in them are also get killed. Many of these species, whether it be plants or animals, can actually save a lot of human lives.

Here’s a list of these rainforest plant and animals.

Cinchona Trees

Cinchona trees are known to treat countless diseases including malaria. The cinchona is endemic to many areas of the South America rainforest. It is a large shrub or tiny tree. It was discovered along the western coast in the 19th century, from Venezuela in the north to Bolivia in the south. Its bark is famous for its healing qualities. It is also known as the Peruvian Bark or Jesuit Bark. A variety of alkaloids are formed by it, including cinchonine, cinchonidine, quinine, quinidine, and quinamine.

Lapacho Trees

Lapacho is a deciduous tree from the Bignoniaceae family. It is sometimes called the trumpet tree (Tabebula impetiginosa). A showy, colorful display of large trumpet-shaped blooms in spring is created by this ornamental tree. Lapacho trees flourish in the United States rainforest. Agriculture Department plant hardiness zones 9 through 11.

They are capable of temperatures as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit. However, they  do not tolerate long periods of freezing temperatures. The inner bark of the lapacho tree is used, in addition to its ornamental characteristics, to make lapacho or taheebo tea.

The lapacho tree is endemic to Latin America’s rain forests. Mexico, Brazil, the northern portions of Argentina and Paraguay are among the countries of birth. Also, Lapacho is Paraguay’s national flower.  In China, they grow Lapacho trees for their ornamental features. They use these trees for modern landscaping.

Plastic-eating fungi

Yale University researchers discovered an unusual form of mushroom capable of swallowing plastic in 2012. This is microspora Pestalotiopsis – a fungus. And it comes from the rainforest of the Amazon. The mushrooms are able to live on plastic alone! It absorbs, then transforms into organic matter, polyurethane (the primary ingredient in plastic products).

The fact that they are even able to survive without oxygen makes them a suitable fit for landfill cleanup. If that’s too big a challenge for the mushrooms to accomplish, though, scientists assume that their plastic-eating ability may be extended in the household setting. They imagine a world where recycling kits at home might be part of the average set up of kitchen appliances. Maybe right along with, for example, a stove and fridge. Furthermore, to use this mechanism, neighborhood recycling centers could have fungal systems built-in.

Three-Toed Sloth

According to a recent report on three-toed sloths in the Panama rainforest, there is yet another explanation for defending sloths. Besides their cute grins and funny-shaped toes. Thanks to a real ecosystem of fungi living in their hides, protecting sloths may even save humans. The research, published in the PLoS One science journal, says that sloth hair contains compounds that can be used against bacteria, breast cancer cells, and malaria and Chagas disease parasites.

Sloths travel so slowly and infrequently. It has long been understood that their fur is a comfortable habitat for fungi, moss, and even moths—discovered just last week. A team of researchers led by Sarah Higginbotham of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute became curious to investigate this microenvironment after learning about this micro-ecosystem.

Acai Berries

Acai berries are a “superfruit” from the rainforest of Brazil. These berries are endemic to the Amazon rainforest region. They are a staple food here.

They are gaining worldwide attention. This dark purple fruit has a lot of protein in it. And they also have health benefits, like the 5 mentioned in this post.

Acai berries are round 1-inch (2.5-cm) fruits that emerge in Central and South American rainforests on acai palm trees. They have dark purple skin and a large seed covered by yellow flesh.

They’re actually not a berry, but rather a drupe, so they contain pits like apricots and olives. Acai berries often accompany meals in the Amazonian rainforest.

Countless rainforest plant and animals

There are many more species in rainforests. Some may actually be the answer to our world’s many problems with diseases. Who knows, one of those species can actually treat cancer or AIDS. So whether they be a frog, monkeys, red piranha, or anything, it is important that we care for them well and advocate for their safety. But considering the constant damage to our rainforests and their biodiversity, these plants and animals are facing imminent danger and extinction. If we don’t do anything, they will never see light again. And we will never find the answers only these plants and animals can provide.

This is the reason why protecting our rainforests and the biodiversity within them is even more important. Not only will these species save our lives today. They will save the lives of the future generation of Planet Earth.